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Zoonosis : an animal disease that can be transmitted to humans

Abortus Fever

Brucellosis

Actinomycosis

A chronic infectious disease of cattle and man due to the presence of {Actinomyces bovis}. It causes local suppurating tumors, esp. about the jaw. Called also {lumpy jaw} or {big jaw}. [Webster1913]

An infectious disease caused predominantly by Actinomyces israelii in humans and by A. bovis in cattle. Characteristics include indolent lymphadenitis of the mouth and neck (with the characteristic lumpy jaw in cattle); intraperitoneal and pelvic abscesses, including those of the liver; and sometimes lung abscesses due to aspiration. Infection is accompanied by fever and weight loss. Pus from a suppurative lesion may contain yellow clusters called sulfur granules. [Dorland]

Example from a 1925 Death Certificate from Ohio:

Anthrax

A hard and circumscribed inflammatory tubercle like a boil, which sometimes forms on the cheek, neck, or back, and in a few days becomes highly gangrenous. It then discharges an extremely fetid sanies from under the black core, which like a burning coal, continues destroying the surrounding parts. It is supposed to arise from a peculiar miasma, is most common in warm climates, and often attends the plague. [Hooper1843].

A carbuncle. A hard, circumscribed, inflammatory dark red or purple tumor, accompanied by a sense of burning, resembling a boil, but having no central core. [Thomas1875]

An infectious disease of cattle and sheep. It is ascribed to the presence of a rod-shaped bacterium ({Bacillus anthracis}), the spores of which constitute the contagious matter. It may be transmitted to man by inoculation. The spleen becomes greatly enlarged and filled with bacteria. Called also {splenic fever}. [Webster1913].
 
An infectious, usually fatal disease of warm-blooded animals, especially of cattle and sheep, caused by the bacterium Bacillus anthracis. The disease can be transmitted to humans through contact with contaminated animal substances, such as hair, feces, or hides, and is characterized by ulcerative skin lesions. [Heritage].
 
Also called carbuncle.
 
Information sheet from NYS Dept of Health
Fact sheet from WHO

Balkan Flu

Q Fever

Bang's Disease

Brucellosis

Black Erysipelas

Synonym of Anthrax. [Gould1916]

Example from an 1871 death record from Michigan:

Big Jaw

Actinomycosis.

Bissa An affection of man and sheep, common in Egypt, and characterized by the production of edema. [Gould1916].

Blackbain

Synonym of Anthrax. [Gould1916].

Black Erysipelas

Anthrax. [A System of Practical Medicine, Pepper, 1885].

Black Quarter

Anthrax. [A System of Practical Medicine, Pepper, 1885].

Blood Striking

Anthrax. [A System of Practical Medicine, Pepper, 1885].

Bloody Murrain

Anthrax.

Brucellosis
An infectious bacterial disease of humans that is caused by brucellae, transmitted by contact with infected animals, and characterized by fever, malaise, and headache. [Heritage].
 
A disease of domestic animals, such as cattle, sheep, goats, and dogs, that is caused by brucellae and sometimes results in spontaneous abortions in newly infected animals. Also called Bang's disease. [CancerWEB].
 
Fact sheet from CDC
Information sheet from NYS Dept of Health
Fact sheet from WHO

Canicola Fever

An acute feverish disease in people and in dogs marked by gastroenteritis and mild jaundice. Leptospirosis. [Wordnet].

Weil's disease. [Whonamedit].

Canine Madness

Hydrophobia.

Carbo

Anthrax.

Carbuncle

Anthrax. A boil, differing from the furuncle in having no central core, and terminating in gangrene under the skin, instead of suppuration. [Hoblyn1855].

A group of boils. Anthrax. [CancerWEB].

Example from an 1883 death certificate from Pennsylvania:

Example from a 1922 death certificate from Georgia:

Charbon

Anthrax.

Contagious Abortion

Brucellosis. An infectious disease often resulting in abortion; transmittable to humans through contaminated milk. [Wordnet].

Cowpox

A mild contagious skin disease of cattle, usually affecting the udder that is caused by a virus and characterized by the eruption of a pustular rash. When the virus is transmitted to humans, as by vaccination, it can confer immunity to smallpox. Also called vaccinia. [Heritage].

Creeping Eruption

Creeping eruption results from the presence of larvae of the dog and cat hookworm, Ancylostoma braziliense, in the epidermis of man. [Saunders1945].

Cyprus Fever

Brucellosis.

Deer Fly Fever

Tularemia.

Droes

Glanders

Epidemic Jaundice

Leptospirosis

Equina

A dangerous contagious disorder, accompanied by a postular eruption, which arises from inoculation with certain diseased fluids generated in the horse, the ass, and the mule. - Glanders, farcy, malleus. [Dunglison1874]

Farcy
A disease in which numerous small tumors suppurate and form ulcers. It occurs in the horse, ass and mule; and is often communicated by contagion to men attending on those animals. In its aggravated form it is generally fatal. [Thomas1875]

This is a scrofulous disease affecting the horse. [Kendall1881].

Glanders [Thomas1907].

A contagious disease of horses, associated with painful ulcerating enlargements, esp. upon the head and limbs. It is of the same nature as glanders, and is often fatal. Called also {farcin}, and {farcimen}. Note: Farcy, although more common in horses, is communicable to other animals and to human beings. [Webster1913].

Farcy Bud

A hard, prominent swelling occurring upon the cutaneous surface in farcy, due to the obstruction and inflammation of the lymphatic vessels, and followed by ulceration. [Webster1913]

Francis Disease

Tularemia

Gibraltar Fever

Brucellosis, Malta Fever, Mediterranean Fever, Neapolitan Fever, Undulant Fever. [Stedman 1918].

Glanders

A highly contagious and very destructive disease of horses, asses, mules, etc., characterized by a constant discharge of sticky matter from the nose, and an enlargement and induration of the glands beneath and within the lower jaw. It may be transmitted to dogs, goats, sheep, and to human beings. [Webster1913].

Fact sheet from CDC

Goats’ Milk Fever

Brucellosis

Green Monkey Disease

A viral disease of green monkeys; when transmitted to humans it causes serious or fatal illness [syn: Marburg disease, Marburg-Ebola disease]. [Wordnet]

Hydrophobia

Canine madness. This disease arises in consequence of the bite of a rabid animal, as a dog or cat, and sometimes spontaneously. It is termed hydrophobia, because persons that are thus bitten dread the sight or the falling of water when first seized. [Hooper1829].

A specific infectious disease peculiar to animals, especially the dog, and communicated to man by inoculation, generally by a bite. It is characterized in man by melancholia; great fear of water; violent spasms of the pharynx and larynx, rendering deglutition and respiration very difficult; great prostration, a stage of paralysis, which generally terminates in death; Rabies. [Thomas1907]

Japanese Encephalitis

Japanese encephalitis (JE) is an arthropod-borne virus disease affecting the central nervous system (CNS) of human beings and, less frequently, horses. The infection also results in the birth of litters of pigs with a high percentage of stillbirths or pigs affected with encephalitis. [GrayBook]

Fact sheet from CDC

Larva Migrans

Creeping Eruption

Leptospirosis

An infectious disease cause by leptospira and transmitted to humans from domestic animals; characterized by jaundice and fever. [Wordnet]

Lumpy Jaw

Actinomycosis

Lyme Arthritis

Lyme Disease

Lyme Disease

An inflammatory disease characterized by a rash with joint swelling and fever; caused by the bite of a deer tick. [Wordnet]

Lyssa

A term for rabies; rage, or madness. Usually applied to hydrophobia. [Thomas1875]

The plural (Lyssae) has been used to signify the pustules supposed to be developed under the tongue in hydrophobia. [CancerWEB]

Madness

Rabies

Malignant Edema

Anthrax

Malignant Pustule

Anthrax

Malleus

Glanders, Equina.

Malta Fever

Brucellosis, Gibraltar Fever, Mediterranean Fever, Neapolitan Fever, Undulant Fever. [Stedman 1918].

Marburg Disease

Green Monkey Disease

Marburg-Ebola Disease

Green Monkey Disease

Marsh Fever

Swamp Fever

Mediterranean Fever

Brucellosis, Gibraltar Fever, Malta Fever, Neapolitan Fever, Undulant Fever. [Stedman 1918].

Contracted from meat or milk products from infected domestic animals; Brucellosis. [Heritage]

Melioidosis

A highly fatal infectious bacterial disease, primarily occurring in rodents in India and Southeast Asia that is characterized in humans by systemic caseous nodules. [Heritage]

Neapolitan Fever

Brucellosis, Gibraltar Fever, Malta Fever, Mediterranean Fever, Undulant Fever. [Stedman 1918].

Nine Mile Fever

Q Fever

North Queensland Fever

Q Fever

O'Hara Disease

Tularemia

Ornithosis

Psittacosis

Parrot Fever

Psittacosis

Pruna

Anthrax

Psittacosis

An infectious disease of parrots and related birds caused by the bacterium Chlamydia psittaci, that is communicable to humans, in whom it produces high fever, severe headache, and symptoms similar to pneumonia. Also called parrot fever. [Heritage]

Information sheet from NYS Dept of Health

Query / Q Fever

A disease caused by the bacterium Coxiella burneti which mainly afflicts sheep and cattle but can be transmitted to humans who have contact with infected animals. Symptoms resemble those of influenza and include fever, headache and lung inflammation. [HyperBiology]

Fact sheet from CDC

Rabbit Fever

Tularemia

Rabies

A disease caused by the saliva of dogs and some other animals being absorbed into the system through a wound, bite, or scratch. In this disorder the very sight of water, or any liquid, usually causes a spasm of the pharynx, accompanied by a sense of suffocation, and an indescribable horror, whence the name hydrophobia (or, "dread of water"), by which it is commonly known. [Thomas1875]

Madness occurring after the bite of a rabid animal. In an animal inoculated with the poison of rabies three stages are generally noticed; those of restlessness, outbursts of excitement and fury, and finally depression, exhaustion, and paralysis, ending in death. [Tuke1892]

An acute, infectious, often fatal viral disease of most warm-blooded animals, especially wolves, cats, and dogs, that attacks the central nervous system and is transmitted by the bite of infected animals; Hydrophobia. [Heritage]
 
Fact sheet from CDC
Information sheet from NYS Dept of Health
Fact sheet from WHO

Example from a 1919 Death Certificate from Georgia:

Red Murrain

Anthrax

Rift Valley Fever

Rift Valley fever (RVF) is an arthropod-borne (primarily mosquito), acute, febrile, viral disease of sheep, cattle, and goats. The disease in these species is characterized by high abortion rates, high mortality in neonates, and hepatic necrosis. Humans are highly susceptible. Symptoms in humans in most cases are those of an acute undifferentiated febrile disease; severe cases (about 1 percent) resemble a dengue-like disease accompanied by hemorrhage, meningoencephalitis, retinopathy, and sometimes death. [GrayBook]

Fact sheet from CDC
Fact sheet from WHO

Rio Grande Fever

Brucellosis

Rock Fever

Brucellosis

Siberian Plague

A most virulent and fatal form of anthrax, prevalent in Russia. [Hoblyn1900].

Slime Fever

Leptospirosis

Slow Fever

Brucellosis

Splenic Fever

Anthrax

Swamp Fever

This is a milder form of leptospirosis due to infection by Lept. Grippotyphosa. It is unaccompanied by jaundice. Although the fever may reach 104° F. or higher it is said to be a non-fatal disease. [Saunders1945]

Tularemia

Disease of rodents (especially rabbits and squirrels) and sometimes transmitted to humans by ticks or flies or by handling infected animals [syn: tularemia, rabbit fever, deer fly fever]. [Wordnet]

Fact sheet from CDC
Information sheet from NYS Dept of Health

Undulant Fever

Brucellosis, Gibraltar Fever, Malta Fever, Mediterranean Fever, Neapolitan Fever, [Stedman 1918].

Vietnamese Time Bomb

Melioidosis

Weil's Disease

An acute infectious febrile disease, resembling typhoid fever, with muscular pains, disturbance of the digestive organs, jaundice, etc. [Webster1913].

A severe form of leptospirosis in humans that is characterized by jaundice, fever, muscle pain, and a tendency to hemorrhage. [Heritage]

Weil's disease is a rare infection caused by the bacterium Leptospira interrogans and can lead to death. It was classified in 1917. Humans are most commonly infected by contact with water that contains the urine of infected animals, usually rats. [Wikipedia]

Yatobyo

Tularemia

Zoonosis

An animal disease that can be transmitted to humans. [Wordnet]